Repetition is a powerful tool in poetry, used to emphasize and reinforce certain themes or ideas. Repetition poems are a specific type of poetry that uses repetition as a defining feature.

These poems often use repeated words, phrases, or structures to create a sense of rhythm and meaning. To read such poems, click through to this article.

One of the most famous examples of repetition poetry is the villanelle, a form that uses a specific rhyme scheme and repeated lines to create a sense of circularity and inevitability.

The repeated lines in a villanelle often take on new meanings with each repetition, building towards a final revelation or epiphany.

Another form of repetition poetry is the pantoum, which uses repeated lines in a specific structure to create a sense of progression and development.

In a pantoum, each line of the poem is repeated at least once, with the repeated lines shifting in order and meaning with each repetition.

Repetition poems can be used to explore a wide range of themes and emotions.

They can be used to emphasize the importance of certain ideas, create a sense of momentum or urgency, or even evoke a sense of nostalgia or longing.

One famous example of repetition poetry is Maya Angelou’s “Still I Rise,” which uses repeated phrases such as “I rise” and “I am a black ocean” to create a powerful message of resilience and strength in the face of adversity.

Repetition can also be used to create a sense of musicality in poetry. Poets often use repetition to create a specific rhythm or cadence in their work, drawing the reader in and creating a sense of unity and cohesion.

Repetition poetry can be a powerful tool for both writers and readers. It allows writers to explore complex themes and emotions in a structured and intentional way, while also creating a sense of musicality and rhythm in their work.

For readers, repetition poetry can be both engaging and thought-provoking, drawing them in with its repetitive structure and creating a sense of resonance and meaning.

Repetition poems are a unique and powerful form of poetry that uses repetition as a defining feature.

They can be used to explore a wide range of themes and emotions, from resilience and strength to nostalgia and longing.

Whether through the circularity of a villanelle or the progression of a pantoum, repetition poems have the power to draw readers in, engage them, and leave a lasting impact.

What is Repetition in Poetry?

Repetition is a literary device that involves the deliberate use of the same word or phrase multiple times to emphasize an idea, create a rhythm, or reinforce a particular feeling or emotion in a poem.

It is a powerful tool that poets use to make their work more memorable and impactful. Repetition is not limited to a single word or phrase, and poets can use different types of repetition, such as alliteration, assonance, and rhyme, to achieve a similar effect.

Types of Repetition in Poetry

There are several types of repetition used in poetry, including anaphora, epiphora, epanalepsis, chiasmus, and palilogy.

Anaphora is the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or sentences, while epiphora is the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses or sentences.

Epanalepsis involves repeating the same word or phrase at the beginning and end of a sentence, and chiasmus is a type of repetition where words are repeated in an inverted order.

Palilogy is the repetition of the same word or phrase for emphasis, usually done within a single sentence or line.

Examples of Repetition in Poetry

Some of the most famous examples of repetition in poetry come from works like “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe, where the repetition of the word “nevermore” adds a haunting, eerie quality to the poem.

In Maya Angelou’s “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings,” the repetition of the phrase “I know why” emphasizes the speaker’s confidence and understanding of her experiences.

Langston Hughes’ “Harlem” features the repeated question “What happens to a dream deferred?” which highlights the frustration and tension of unfulfilled dreams.

In each of these examples, repetition is used to create a memorable, impactful effect on the reader.


In conclusion, repetition is an important technique in poetry that can be used to emphasize certain words, phrases, or themes.

It adds rhythm and depth to the poem, making it more memorable and impactful for the reader. Repetition can take many forms, from anaphora to epiphora to assonance, and each type can have its own unique effect on the reader.

When used effectively, repetition can create a sense of unity and coherence within a poem, bringing together different elements and creating a powerful message. As with any literary device, repetition should be used judiciously and with purpose.

It can be a valuable tool for expressing ideas and emotions in poetry, but if overused or used incorrectly, it can become tedious or even grating.

In short, repetition is a versatile and essential tool for poets and can add depth, meaning, and resonance to their work.

We hope you had a great time reading this article.

Leave a reply