KISS (Keep It Simple & Straightforward) and iterative feedback are the foundations of the Scrum process.

This is:

  • Model that’s easy to use and put into practice.
  • On the basis of teamwork.
  • Intuitive but challenging at the same time.
  • Based on a “just enough” approach to procedure and documentation.

CSM analogy

Consider running a ten-kilometer race as a marathon and then dividing the event into equal pieces or sprints as an analogy. Slicing the effort and maintaining a steady tempo or cadence improves speed and quality. A “sprint” or “timebox” is at the heart of Scrum’s philosophy. In other words, a sprint is a period of time between two and four weeks that is used to iteratively deliver a portion of the project.

To provide an analogy, imagine that a teacher is teaching the basics of abacus to a class of students. Those in the first group are just starting off. The abacus tools are taught from the ground up. They don’t really have any goals in mind. The abacus tools and formulas are familiar to the second set of students. They are given a list of sums to solve and a deadline for completion (for example 10 sets of sums in 10 to 15 minutes). Children in the third group have progressed to a more advanced level. They can use abacus instruments to do 70-80 sets of sums in less than 5 to 7 minutes each. The fourth group of students at the expert level completes more than one hundred sets of sums in five minutes with almost no errors.

We may infer from the parallel above that by consistently practicing a simple procedure, we can improve our abilities in terms of mastery, maturity, efficiency, and quality. Now we can connect it to Scrum. Simplified methods based sprintzeal on the Deming’s cycle are used in Scrum (Plan-Do-Check-Act).

Artifacts of Scrum:

Backlog of Products:

Everything that has to be done in a project is included in a product backlog. Requirements Documentation is a term used in conventional project management to describe a product backlog. The Product Owner is in charge of this document, and the criteria are ranked according to their importance to the business. User stories with acceptance criteria are used to document the requirements of a project and ensure that they are being met.

Sprint Delay:

It is a list of tasks that the scrum team has decided to do during the current sprint. User stories are used to pick product backlog items for the sprint planning meeting, and the actions required to finish each user story are identified during that meeting. This is also known as an Activity List in traditional project management.

Minimum Viable Product: 

It is the aggregate of the Product Backlog items provided in each sprint that constitutes an MVP. The scrum is based on delivering the MVP in each sprint since the work can be completed in a short period of time if it is broken down into manageable chunks.

An insurance company’s software development team is now working on a mobile app to offer their insurance products. Deliverables and features that allow users to purchase insurance policies online are delivered in the first three sprints of development. An iterative approach is used to develop minimal viable products, such as a network locator, a location-based branch locator and so on.

Ceremonies for Scrum

Sprint Planning:

Within the sprint planning meeting, the goal is to estimate and forecast the amount of work the team will be able to achieve during the particular sprint. This meeting resulted in the creation of a sprint backlog.

Stand-up daily:

Plan for the day, identify hazards, and devise a plan of action to mitigate them. This operation results in an updated sprint backlog, burn charts, scrum board, and a Kanban board.

Certified ScrumMaster (CSM) Certification from Scrum Alliance:

Over the course of around sixteen hours, participants will learn the basics of scrum processes from a professional educator. A Certified Scrum Trainer® (CST®) will lead this course.

Professionals that are interested in this qualification include:

  • Consider becoming a Scrum Master.
  • Scrum is an approach to project management that is used by project managers.
  • Be a part of Scrum projects
  • Work with Scrum teams as part of the IT Operations team.
  • Desire to begin an agile path
  • Interested in learning the fundamentals of Scrum


A candidate can take an online test after finishing the course. The CSM certification can only be obtained if a participant gets 37 correct answers out of a possible 50. You have 60 minutes to complete the exam.

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